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Stock Market Trading Tutorial 2020

Many new investors are intimidated by the stock market.  However, the fundamental workings of stock trading really aren’t all that mysterious.  With just a bit of research and patience, anyone can learn the basics of stock market investment strategy.  Of course, even the most experienced investors will need to update their knowledge on occasion because the tools of the trade are always being updated.  Once investors are able to gain a firm understanding of the way stocks function, the positive results can put anyone on a path to reach a lifetime that is full of successful, prosperous investing.

Stocks Highlights

Pivot Point Trading Tutorial


The first question is what is a pivot? A pivot point is a technical analysis indicator, or calculations, used to determine the overall trend of the market over multiple time frames. The pivot point itself is simply the average of the high, low and closing prices from previous trading sessions. Once a pivot point has…

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MACD divergence trading strategy


Beginner traders often make the mistake in thinking that the more indicators they have the better their results will be, but this is not the case. Using too many indicators, or not knowing which indicators to use in combination with each other, can cause sensory overload, confusion and generate false signals. This guide will hopefully…

TD Line Breakout Strategy


The difficulty in determining a pivot point in sentiment was accomplished by DeMark in creating an objective way to measure breakouts and breakdowns. DeMark created objective trend lines which can be used to create breakouts which will help determine if demand or supply is advancing. The proper construction of trend lines is the basis for…


Connors RSI Trading Tutorial


As a result, the Connors RSI can be a valuable tool which can be used to construct intra-day strategies with a high probability of success. Trading signals are generated based on indicator readings that fall between the values of 0 and 100. In general terms, indicator readings below 5 suggest asset prices are oversold (a…

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Momentum ‌Trading‌ ‌Tutorial‌


First, traders must understand what the word “momentum” actually means in practical terms. For these purposes, a straightforward definition of the concept can be interpreted as follows: Momentum = Underlying Trend Strength Let’s consider the market price activity that’s visible in three different examples: In our first example, we can see a market showing positive…

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Swing Trading Tutorial


In many cases, swing traders will utilize fundamental analysis techniques in addition to their assessments of market trends and technical chart price patterns. However, swing traders tend to base their investment decisions on technical analysis strategies that identify new trading opportunities while they are still in their developing phases. Swing Trading Position Stances Swing trading…

Bollinger Bands Trading Tutorial


Of course, these specific price measurements can be adjusted to fit the requirements of each person’s unique trading style. However, these are the defined parameters which were used when John Bollinger first made these tools available to the public in the 1980s. In the chart depicted above, Bollinger Bands can be seen bracketing a 20-period…

Ichimoku Trading Tutorial


Designed by Goichi Hosoda in Japan in the 1960s, the Ichimoku system provides traders with additional data points when compared to traditional candlestick charts. At first glance, the Ichimoku Cloud (and the signal lines which make up its component parts) might seem like an overly complex piece of abstract art. However, once traders develop experience…

EMA Crossover Strategy


What is important to understand about the EMA is that it does not work all the time. Asset prices trend only 30% of the time. Your risk management will play an important function in the success of an EMA crossover trading strategy. The goal, when using a trading strategy such as the EMA, is to…

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Day Trading Tutorial


Successful day trading strategies aim to capitalize on the small price moves which characterize intraday trends. However, day trading can also pose many risks for those without a tested, though-out strategy. This is why it’s particularly important for investors to gain a deeper understanding of the common principles of day trading. In this article, we…

Relative Strength Index (RSI) Tutorial 2020


In its most traditional applications, values below 30 are interpreted as undervalued (or “oversold”) while RSI values above 70 are considered overvalued (or “overbought”). These informative readings can be used to design trading strategies and alert traders to potential price reversals or corrective pullbacks within a larger market trend. Basics of RSI RSI is one…

Breakout Trading Strategy Tutorial


When many people hear the term “breakout trading,” the first thing that comes to mind is a stock trend that rallies higher. However, these ideas can just as easily be applied to negative market scenarios (i.e. downside or bearish price breakouts) that can be accurately identified before establishing short-sell positions. Additionally, the technical analysis concepts…

Gap Trading Strategy Tutorial


Expert traders are often able to interpret the true meaning behind these price gaps and capitalize on their occurrences as opportunities for investment. When used properly, price gaps offer favorable trade set-ups for experienced investors and open the door to substantial profit potential for those interested in active trading. For some background, it’s important to…

Scalping Trading Tutorial


Scalpers typically employ technical analysis strategies as a way to identify potential trading setups. Some of the most common technical indicator tools used by expert scalpers include: Support and Resistance Levels Stochastic Oscillators Bollinger Bands Moving Averages Parabolic SAR Trend Analysis Since scalpers primarily focus on market prices, technical indicators will contain a high level…

Turtle Trading Tutorial


Essentially, Dennis believed anybody could be taught to master the futures markets but Eckhardt was much more skeptical. Instead, Eckhardt argued that Dennis had years of training and experience that enabled him to beat the market and profit from his approach to trading. As a result, Dennis devised an experiment that could be used to…

Dividend Capture Strategy Tutorial


The capture strategy is a two-trade system that is solely designed to allow investors to benefit from a stock’s dividend without encountering the risks involved when holding shares for an extended period of time. In any market investment, the longer an asset is held, the greater the potential it has to fall in value. This…

Growth Investing Tutorial


The ability to successfully buy into a young company in its earliest stages of growth is a skill that can generate impressive returns if the business is able to deliver on its expectations. This central reason growth investing is particularly interesting for many investors. However, many of these companies are new and untested, so there…

Dividend Stock Investment Tutorial


When investors are able to focus on solid and stable companies capable of making regular dividend hikes, the magic of compounding gains can turn a relatively small investment into a substantial nest egg over the long term: Unfortunately, many beginner investors lack a basic understanding of what a dividend actually is —and what it isn’t. …

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Stocks and Mutual Funds: What’s The Difference?

For many new investors, getting into the equities market means making a choice between two main investment types of investment instruments: mutual funds and individual stocks.  Let’s take a look at some of their characteristics so that we can understand the differences between these two investment selections.

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Mutual Funds and Exchange-traded Funds (ETFs):  Mutual funds (sometimes referred to as “equity mutual funds”) allow investors to purchase stocks as a collective group.  ETFs and index funds often have a specialized focus and might track assets like gold and oil, or the S&P 500.  One popular example is the SPDR S&P 500 Trust ETF (NYSE: SPY), which replicates the performance of its benchmark and allows investors to gain exposure to each of the component companies in the index.  By investing in a fund like SPY, it is actually possible to assume ownership of a small piece of every company in the S&P 500.  Investors can also buy several funds in conjunction with one another as a way of building a more diversified stock portfolio.

Individual Stocks:  When investors are looking to buy into a specific company, it’s possible to buy shares of a single stock.  Common names include stocks like AT&T, (NYSE: T) or Apple, Inc (NASDAQ: AAPL) and stock experts will generally recommend that investors build a diversified portfolio of companies across industry sectors. Buying individual stocks can increase the potential for substantial returns (when compared to mutual fund investments).  However, the risk for potential downside is equally apparent and individual-stock investors must have a clear plan of approach before gaining exposure to individual companies.

Stock Investing vs. Stock Trading

When making the decision to buy into stocks or mutual funds, it’s important to understand the differences between stock investing and stock trading.  For stock investors, the main goal is to build wealth gradually and to establish positions over an extended period of time.  This generally requires an investor to hold positions in a stock portfolio for years or decades, although this will depend greatly on the strength or weakness of the market.

When investors hold positions over longer time intervals, it is possible to collect the benefits of dividend payments, stock splits, and the historical bull trend that has characterized equities markets for hundreds of years.  Over shorter time frames, markets will inevitably show fluctuations and minor downtrends but it is possible for investors to “ride out” these negative periods and wait for the rebound.  Stock investors tend to be more heavily focused on market fundamentals (i.e interest rates, GDP growth, industry forecasts, retail sales, price/earnings ratios and the level of debt held by individual companies).

Stock trading deals with market transactions (buying and sellling) that are much more frequent.  For stock traders, the main goal is to generate profits that outperform returns captured through traditional buy-and-hold investments.  Where a stock investor might find annual returns of 10-15% to be sufficient, stock traders might aim to generate returns of 10% every month.

Stock traders make their money buying equities at lower prices and selling at higher prices —all completed within relatively short periods of time (i.e. minutes, hours, or just a few days).  Stock traders can also profit from short-selling activities, where the goal is to sell equities at a higher price and buy back the same shares later (at a lower price).  In contrast, buy-and-hold investors wait out less profitable positions, traders seek to make profits within a specified period of time and often use a protective stop-loss order to automatically close out losing positions at a predetermined price level.

Stock Trading Strategy Types

Stock trading styles will generally depend on the time frames that are used to construct positions.  In this regard, stock traders will usually fall into four categories:

  • Position StockTrader: Stock trades are held for a period of a few months to several years.
  • Stock Swing Trader: Stock trades are held for a period of a few days to several weeks.
  • Stock Day Trader: Stock trades are held during a single trading session (with no trading positions held overnight).
  • Scalping Stock Trader: Stock trades are held for a very short-term period of seconds to minutes (with no trading positions held overnight).

Most of these stock trading strategy types (particularly swing traders, day traders, and scalpers) tend to rely on technical analysis techniques as a way of constructing their positions.  Essentially, technical analysis is the practice of using historical price charts as a way to predict the direction that stock prices will travel in the future.

Stock traders will often employ the tools of technical analysis in order to identify trading setups with a high probability of success.  These common technical analysis tools include:

  • Moving Averages
  • Stochastic Oscillators
  • Elliott Wave Theory
  • Bollinger Bands
  • Trading Volume
  • Parabolic SAR
  • Trend Analysis

Each of these technical analysis techniques give traders different information about the most price trajectory a stock is likely to experience in the future.  In many cases, expert technical analysis traders will combine multiple studies in order to get a more objective viewpoint about where stock trends are headed next.

Stocks Highlights

Trading Stock Options

Stock options refer to trading contracts which give the holder the right to buy or sell a stock at a set price within an established period of time (the length of the contract).  For stock traders, options can be powerful because of the ways they enhance equities portfolio strategies.  Stock options can offer traders additional income, added position protection, and provide leverage for a broader portfolio strategy.  Depending on the underlying conditions of the market, there may be several options strategies that can be used at any given time.

Use of Robo-Advisors

For those looking for a more automated type of strategy, robo-advisors have become quite popular following the financial crisis of 2008.  These software systems help investors construct an approach to stock portfolio building using various inputs of personal data.  Services provided by these tools include portfolio rebalancing and harvesting tax losses.  Recent surveys in the United States show that 58% of investors are likely to begin using some sort of robo-advisor by 2025.

Reducing Risks Through Diversification

Diversification is a strategy stock traders use to invest in a broad range of assets.  This helps reduce risks that might be associated with the investment performance of any single asset in a stock portfolio.  In simple terms, diversification strategies help investors avoid putting “all eggs in one basket.”  One simple way to achieve diversification is through the use of mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (discussed above), however, these instruments are generally not used in short-term trading strategies because of their higher fees.

For new stock traders, it’s possible to begin investing with small account sizes.  However, in these cases, it’s important to take a conservative approach to the market and to avoid chasing stocks that have already made a significant price move.  When using a balanced approach to stock investing, it’s possible to limit losses while maximizing the potential for gains.

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Trader Summary: Stock Trading

  • The stock market is a collection of exchanges where investors can buy or sell shares of publicly-traded companies and profit from their relative price differences.
  • Many new stock investors begin after making a choice between two main investment types of investment instruments: mutual funds and individual stocks.
  • The second major stock market decision is choosing between stock investing and stock trading.
  • For stock investors, the main goal is to build wealth gradually and to establish positions over an extended period of time.
  • Stock trading deals with market transactions (buying and sellling) that are much more frequent. For stock traders, the main goal is to generate profits that outperform returns captured through traditional buy-and-hold investments.
  • Stock trading styles often depend on the time frames that are used to construct positions. Stock traders will generally fall into four main categories: position traders, swing traders, day traders, and scalpers.
  • An option contract gives its buyer the right to buy or sell a stock at a set price by a certain date in the future.
  • Robo-advisors are automated software systems help investors construct an approach to stock portfolio building using various inputs of personal data.
  • Diversification is a strategy stock traders use to invest in a broad range of assets, which helps reduce risks associated with the individual assets held in a stock portfolio.
  • Assuming a conservative approach to the stock market is generally advisable for newer traders that are speculating with smaller account sizes.