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Justin Freeman

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  1. Trading the financial markets is increasingly popular, however, trading your own account comes with a degree of risk but if it is managed appropriately you may find there are certain advantages. Experiencing the ups and downs of market trading can give you an insight into the work of the institutional investors, people like those that are managing your pension. It’s worth keeping this firmly in mind as institutional investors will likely have a more conservative risk-return ratio than most retail investors. Part of the reason that retail investors blow up so frequently is because trying to gain big returns is a risky business. One mind-shift to consider is asking yourself if you had to make a 10% return over a year – how would you do it. It’s highly likely you’d trade less frequently and with greater discipline and these would be two immediate steps in the right direction. There are a lot more educational elements relating to trading. Online there is high-quality material that is free and interesting to read. Even if you don’t actually trade off the back of the information it can help you gain an improved understanding of the markets. More steps in the right direction. The above reasons are all valid and making money never went out of fashion, and some traders do make a living out of trading. That may not be your ultimate aim and the many stories that are shared about taking that path invariably mention hardships on the road to success. Spread betting involves certain features that make it a unique way of accessing the financial markets. It involves placing a ‘bet’ on whether an instrument/market is going to rise or fall. You also have to determine your stake size which acts as a multiplier of your profits or losses per change in unit price. An interesting twist is that spread betting sits in a disputed area somewhere between investing and gambling. According to reports, the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK continues to review the situation and is considering applying new guidelines and regulations. While the dust settles, spread bet accounts can continue to trade in financial markets and to buy UK stocks and not have to pay Stamp Duty Reserve Tax of 0.5%. SDRT would apply if you were buying the stock on a ‘delivery vs. payment’ basis.
  2. The forex markets are very popular among all sorts of traders. This is partly due to the immense liquidity in the currency markets which means that a trader, for example running an algorithmic program, can trade the market without distorting it. Some smaller markets can be problematic as the trader taking a position then ‘becomes the market’. There is also the fact that a good trader that fancies their chances at being able to in some way ‘sell’ their success and will have an easier job ‘seeing’ something that everyone is already familiar with. To put it another way, a trader that makes 10% ROI in South African equities and 10% ROI in EURUSD might get more interest in the forex portfolio just because “everybody’s heard of EuroDollar”. Some areas of trading are even more forex focused. Social and Copy trading in particular have a considerable bias towards currency markets. This is partly due to the above point, that if you want to sell your strategy you might do better to have it working in a major currency pair. It is also to some extent a legacy issue because when ZuluTrade for example started out it supported trading in forex markets, only. Currencies are an unregulated asset. This is partly because of the international and portable nature of the instrument. An equity in a UK FTSE100 company on the other hand, represents a stake in a firm which has to abide by UK company law and the rules and regulations of the stock exchanges on which it is listed. As an authorized instrument, UK brokers that offer markets in the equity will also need to gain authorization and abide with compliance regulations. This isn’t the case in forex. Maybe its unregulated nature appeals to smart individuals who just want to try and make money without what they see to be the inconvenience of red tape.
  3. There’s a wide range of ways to learn how to trade options. Free materials are available online in written and video formats and a lot of the bigger and better broker platforms provide educational resources on the subject. The first step would be to establish whether you’re motivated to trade options as a means of supporting (hedging risk on) a standard style of portfolio (including equities, CFDs, commodities and forex etc.) or whether you’re looking to trade and make profits out of trading the options themselves. Then, you have to be quite honest about yourself in terms of how strong your mathematical skills are, as getting down into granular detail on option strategies can involve quite high-level math. The fundamental principles remain easy to understand, but the detail of some strategies can be quite technical. The book: Options Volatility and Pricing by Sheldon Natenberg is a good place to start and will take an enthusiastic reader a good way into the subject. You can see my own copy is well used. If you’re completely new to the subject then regardless of whether you intend to use them for risk management or as a P&L generator, you could do worse than opening a Demo account with a broker that provides option trading and putting on some test trades. Not all brokers provide options markets, but the following are some of the ones that do: City Index, IG and Saxo Capital Markets. Understanding the user interface will be important once you decide what strategy you are following. The bid-offer spreads are often considerable, so fat-finger errors, even if spotted immediately, are costly to back out of. If you’re looking to use options to manage risk it is likely you’ll be able to do that with one option position. For example, if holding a long position that is showing an unrealized profit then buying a put in that underlying instrument can provide a hedge and that position will generate profit should the price of the underlying instrumentfall. If you’re looking to trade a strategy using just options a good starting point would be researching strategies such as Straddles or Collars. With those you’ll be opening two option positions that will take profits should the underlying instruments price trade as you expect it will. In these strategies it is possible to cap potential losses but with the trade-off that profits will also be capped.
  4. Due to increasing popularity there are now a whole host of social trading platforms to consider. The big ones would be a good place to start looking as they tend to comply with tighter regulatory frameworks. The rules and regulations are designed to protect account holders. It therefore makes sense to avoid falling in love with the functionality found on a very small platform to then find you might not really want to hold funds with it. The set up at the bigger platforms is actually quite different. ZuluTrade offer access to thousands of ‘signal providers’ and provides a variety of proprietary risk mitigation tools. On the platform it’s even possible for copiers to interact with signal providers and discuss specific trading decisions or general market situations. The vast number of traders available to copy is partly attributable to the ‘open door’ policy run by the platform; ZuluTrade do not vet signal providers and nor do they actually have to run their own money. The broker Ayondo has a smaller number of signal providers on offer but they appear to be just accepting the trade-off between quality and quantity. Slippage on trades is very low. It’s possible to trade your own account rather than just follow others; but there are limited research materials on offer and automated trading is not permitted. Degiro offer no-frills social trading. The markets and educational materials offered are small in size compared to what others offer. There is no Demo account available and yet it is increasingly popular because of the very competitive pricing schedules. Low costs never go out of fashion. The broker eToro is particularly popular with new traders. The trading platform is straightforward in terms of functionality, and the on-boarding process is also very straightforward. Demo accounts are available.It’s possible to copy trade ETFs but after tailoring itself to beginners/intermediates more advanced traders might find the set up slightly limiting. When researching the different brokers it’s worth keeping in mind what your ultimate aims are. Factor in how and when you’ll be able to devote time to managing your account. All the big players have great mobile platforms and Apps that allow traders to monitor their portfolios on the go. But it would be worth trialing this through a Demo account to really kick the tires.
  5. Spread betting offers traders the chance to gain exposure to thousands of different markets. There are also some quirks specific to this type of trading that mean that transactions and any profits made incur less tax than other types of trading in the same market. These typically relate to UK citizens/residents and you’d need to look at your own situation in detail but there are some general trends that go some of the way to explaining the popularity of spread betting. It is important to mark from the outset that the advantages of spread betting only apply if it is not your main source of income. If it is you are liable to be classified as a professional gambler. Stamp duty, or to give the full title: Stamp Duty Reserve Tax is a tax levied at time of purchase of ordinary UK equities. The rate of the tax is 0.5% of the cash consideration of the transaction and you may be most familiar with this if you have bought shares in a buy and hold style at a stockbroker. There is no SDRT on the sale of shares. Calculating the cost-benefit of trading in the actual equity or in spread bet form will involve calculating the costs associated with holding the position. Whilst there is the opportunity cost of funds foregone, the actual financing costs associated with buy and hold equities are generally seen to be lower than the costs of holding a position as a spread bet. For this reason, some traders looking to enter into and out of short-term positions may look at using spread bets as a way of carrying out their strategy. Those looking to hold the position for longer may hold the actual equity. Capital Gains Tax is another tax that does not apply to spread betting transactions. Buying and then selling ordinary equities is, like other assets, liable to capital gains tax. The rate in the UK can vary depending on your personal circumstances and there is an annual allowance below which the tax does not apply. Traders that are hopeful of large gains may though opt to trade using spread bets. The possible tax efficiencies could be nice to have but shouldn’t detract you from working on developing and applying a well thought out and risk-aware strategy.
  6. The markets available for spread betting are many and varied. The broker platform City Index for example offers spread betting markets in over 12,000 instruments. With pretty much all assets able to be traded using spread bets, and broker platforms offering an extensive range of analytical tools, it’s possible to trade a whole range of strategies. Strategies based on Technical Analysis are particularly popular among traders with short-term investment horizons. If you’re looking to scalp, and take a lot of small wins, then spread betting supports that. It is important to study the bid-offer spread to ensure the cost of getting in and out positions don't undermine your plans. While UK residents can use spread bets to improve the tax efficiency of their trading there is some online comment that the spread betting platforms can be subject to wider bid-offer spreads. Trend following and Market reversal strategies are the mainstay of many traders and spread betting platforms certainly allow for these to be pursued. Those looking to trade Events such as news flow or company reporting can also do that through spread betting. It’s also possible to trade spread bets on strategies that are based on Fundamental Analysis. You’d have to run through the numbers to establish how the frictional costs associated with holding a position add up. If you consider spread betting is the best means of trading,any strategy will need to factor in the time you are likely to hold the position. The important thing is to have a well thought out and much-tested strategy. Whatever market situation it is based on you need to have confidence in it. At the same time monitor its performance in case some kind of paradigm-shift occurs which could mean it just doesn’t work anymore. There are some strategies that do not fit so well with spread-betting. Social and Copy Trading platforms are relatively new ways of trading the financial markets and at least for now do not encompass spread betting. If you are looking to apply your own systematic models and engage in automated trading then you may want to look at trading other instruments such as CFDs. For one thing, should your trading be profitable then you may want to look to be copied yourself and setting up in a larger market could be beneficial.
  7. The Leverage applied on spread betting accounts means that your positions, and the profits and losses made on the bets made are magnified. It works on the basis that the deposit of funds into your account acts as cover for the profits and losses that are made so the actual positions you are trading are scaled up in size. Traditional investing works on a ‘delivery vs. payment’ basis. A stock for example is bought outright in exchange for cash funds. A 10% increase in the price of the stock will see the value of your asset increase by 10%. If using leverage of 20:1 any stock position that increases by 10% will see your assets increase in value by 200%. Of course, losses are magnified in the same way hence the many risk warnings that are quite rightly publicized across the industry. Leverage can also impact your day-to-day trading as well as having the potential to very quickly blow your account up.The deposit made into your account collateralizes your trading but if you put on too many positions then that will ‘use up’ the margin. Your positions could even be in profit, but your broker will factor in that a change in market sentiment could see your positions move against you. If your broker calculates that the potential combined losses would exceed the capital you have deposited with them then they will trim your book. They could restrict you from being able to put on any more trades and in certain circumstances even kick you out of positions that you are already in. This is worth bearing in mind when planning your trading strategies. What works in theory has to work in practice. If your strategy is based on scaling up into a variety of positions then the ability to carry it out might be impacted if one of the early trades makes a loss. This would eat into the capital in your account and so the later dated trades would require extra margin to be deposited. Your sequence of ten trades may ultimately be profitable but if they fall in the following pattern: LLLWWWWWWW then you might not manage to get the last seven on to cover the losses made by the first three. Another reason to take on board the advice to trade small, stay small.
  8. Stop losses are an important tool and they can prevent your account being wiped out. With Futures positions the use of them can come into question especially if you’re using them as a hedge against another position. In that instance it might be counterproductive to apply stops to your positions. Should your strategy involve trading the Futures themselves then all the usual (very prudent) advice about using stop-losses applies. Say for example you are holding only Long Futures in Oil then a substantial market move against you could bring about substantial losses. Applying a stop loss should result in losses being limited. You’d also need to consider the technical details and whether you apply a Guaranteed Stop Loss or a Trailing Stop Loss. A good broker will make this functionality available to you and they are worth considering. In other scenarios it might be that the Future is held as a hedge of another position. Pairs trading is one strategy where a portfolio is hedged against market risk by simultaneously holding Long and Short positions that you would expect to mitigate a general market. One example would be going Long on the German Index and to Short the France Index. A shock event that causes the markets to rise or fall should (the theory goes) impact both Indices to a similar extent. The losses on one would be counteracted by the profits on the other. Your analysis would be aimed at seeing the German Index outperform the French Index and to take profits from the difference in relative performance. In the above scenario, should you set a stop loss on both positions then you could actually increase the risk of losses. Take for example, a Flash Crash where both markets fall substantially but soon return to their previous position. The Short Position in the France Index will move into profit but without being closed out at the market lows will then return to being flat of P&L. The Long Germany Index, should it have had a stop loss in place will also fall away with the rest of the markets, but losses would be crystalized should the stop loss be triggered. After being kicked out of your German Index position you would not benefit from the general market recovery.
  9. In CFD and Spread betting positions are taken on whether a financial instrument is going to go up or down in price. The direction that actually occurs will determine whether you make a loss or a profit, the size of which will be a function of the size of the stake you placed. Some broker platforms such as IG and City Index offer both CFD trading and Spread betting at the same place, which suggests there must be some kind of a differential, and there is. Part of the difference is the mechanism of booking a trade. If you’re trading a CFD you’ll denote the amount of that instrument you want to buy or sell; for example, if you are buying a CFD position in Vodafone (VOD:LN) then you may enter you want to buy 10,000 shares. You can buy a long position or sell short but will see yourself as holding the position of 10,000 VOD. When spread betting you can also go long or sell short, but trading involves applying a stake size which will have a minimum size of one. Instead of buying Vodafone you’ll place a stake on whether the price of Vodafone is going to go up or down. If your account is denominated in GBP and your stake size is 3, then for each point that price moves you will make a loss/gain of £3. If your stake size is 5, then each point would see a £5 P&L move. Some account holders will find spread betting and CFD trading involves incurring lower tax charges on trading activity. The costs of both are often compared to the costs of buying UK equities outright. A UK resident buying 10,000 shares of Vodafone in ordinary equity form will pay a stamp duty charge (Stamp Duty Reserve Tax) of 0.5% of the total consideration of the trade. Some traders operate in both markets, some favor one over the other. Choosing one over the other can largely come down to personal preference. It’s very important that whichever you choose, you consider all the guidance offered on how to manage the many risks involved.
  10. Spread betting is particularly popular in the UK because of its associated tax advantages. It involves taking a position on whether a market is going to rise or fall. As with other financial instruments the profits or losses you make will be determined by the size of the stake, the degree of the price move and whether you get the direction of movement correct. A lot of the guidance associated with making ‘general’ trading successful therefore applies to spread betting. One of the main aims is to preserve your capital and there are various methods to consider. First of all, have a strategy. Just moving into a market and taking positions cannot be recommended. Your strategy will of course include ‘entry points’ where signals indicate you should move into a position. It should also stipulate what stop-losses to use, when to take partial profits and when to exit. Start small, stay small. Long-term success will come from holding positions which will not materially impact your account if they are losing trades. Big wins are exciting but come hand in hand with big losses. General advice is that the value of any one position should not be greater than 2% of your total capital balance. There is nothing wrong with taking an even more conservative view. Test new ideas, or those that aren’t working any more in a Demo account environment. These are free to use at most good brokers and some of the better brokers will also provide access to historical price data so that you can back test your ideas. If your position is not working as planned, don’t double down and don’t move your stop losses in the same direction as price action. Your choice of broker will also be important. You’ll of course want one with functionality that works for you. Some are stronger in some markets than others and can offer better trading terms as a result. The frictional costs associated with trading also vary from broker to broker and overheads can eat into your profits. Do your research, find a broker that is a good fit and make sure they are reputable and well-regulated and are a member of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme.
  11. Stop losses are automatic buy or sell instructions built into open positions you hold. If you are long on an asset then the stop loss will sell it and close out the position should the price reach a certain level. Stop losses are used to manage risk and are an acceptance that no trader wins on every trade. By applying stop losses you can calculate what the maximum loss is on each trade and manage the psychological and emotional element of trading. Effective risk management requires stop losses to be applied at time of trade or else you’ll be running a ‘naked’ position. The execution interface will have options to Buy and Sell and, if you’re using a reputable platform, the option of setting Regular or Guaranteed stops. The latter offer a little more security as if the market ‘gaps’ and prices move past your stop level rather than ‘through’ it then the stop loss price will still apply. There is a premium paid for applying a guaranteed stop loss, but this is only charged if the stop is actually triggered. The level at which you place your stop loss is a critical part of trading. Common guidance is that your strategy should involve stops being put at a level so that no more than 2% of your total trading capital can be lost on any one trade. Taking this to a higher level, if your strategy signals trade entry points that are near to support and resistance levels then stops can be placed just the other side of these. Should price action break through the support or resistance level then it is likely to carry on going,so taking a loss sooner rather than later will minimize your losses. Depending on your choice of broker the execution interface may illustrate the cash value of the stop loss being triggered. This is a useful double check and worth giving some time to. If you are completely new to spread betting you may also want to try putting on trades in a dummy account environment. This will allow you to familiarize yourself with the basics of how to build a trade instruction. Trailing stop losses involve the stop moving up to follow price action on successful trades. As your position moves into profit the stop also moves. These can guarantee that trades that are in profit don’t turn into loss-makers. The temptation to intervene and move stop losses away from where you set them is to be avoided. That is a surefire way to blow up an account.
  12. Copy Trading is the process where one trader’s account is set up to automatically copy the trades of another trader. The principle behind the relationship is that the ’lead’ trader has the time, resources and skills to make a profit and the copying trader in return for a fee, applies the trading decisions to their own account. One of the most interesting aspects of this setup is that the lead traders disclose their performance track record as a means of attracting followers. A quick browse of some of the well-established copy trading platforms, such as eToro and ZuluTrade, offers a taste of the kind of returns some traders are making? These traders also make available information on their trading strategy, how long they have been running it and even whether or not they have invested their own money in it. A question which arises is how to best turn this information into consistent returns for the follower? Regardless of the track record of the Lead trader there are risks associated with copying. Primarily, the trading style that is used to generate consistent profits may be different from the strategy you join at a later date. Previous performance is no guide of future performance. This may be because the strategy used by the lead trader works in certain markets but not in others. It could be that the lead trader changes the strategy. Whilst there are ‘clues’ to whether this is the case, as a copying trader you are always exposed to these risks. The platform ZuluTrade has even brought in a program called ZuluGuard that monitors your account and the decisions of traders you are following. If it detects a significant change in the Lead trader’s performance it will step in to protect your account. Diversifying your capital across a range of lead traders may be another way to minimize the risk of one that you are following performing badly. This is a classic approach to investment and is particularly important if you are looking to trade in size. Copy trading is an increasingly popular way for people to gain exposure to the capital markets. Whist not as demanding as trading your own book it does still require careful and consistent management. The decisions of what and when to trade may be someone else’s, but the capital at risk is your own.
  13. Der Handel an den Finanzmärkten wird immer beliebter. Der Handel mit dem eigenen Kapital birgt ein gewisses Risiko. Wenn Sie es angemessen verwalten, ergeben sich jedoch einige Vorteile. Die Erfahrung der Höhen und Tiefen des Markthandels kann Ihnen einen Einblick in die Arbeit der institutionellen Investoren geben. Diese Menschen verwalten z.B. Ihre Pension. Es lohnt sich, dies im Hinterkopf zu behalten, da institutionelle Anleger wahrscheinlich ein konservativeres Risiko-Rendite-Verhältnis haben als die meisten Kleinanleger. Ein Teil des Grundes, warum Kleinanleger ihr Kapital oft verlieren, ist, sie oft versuchen, große Renditen zu erzielen, und dabei riskante Geschäfte eingehen. Man sollte sich fragen, ob man über ein Jahr hinweg eine Rendite von 10% erzielen kann und wie man das bewerkstelligen würde. Sie werden zu dem Schluss kommen, weniger häufig und mit größerer Disziplin zu handeln. Das sind zwei unmittelbare Schritte in die richtige Richtung. Es gibt viele Aspekte im Zusammenhang mit dem Handel, bei denen man noch etwas lernen kann. Online steht hochwertiges Material zur Verfügung, das kostenlos und interessant zu lesen ist. Selbst wenn Sie diese Informationen nicht wirklich nutzen, können Sie Ihnen helfen, ein besseres Verständnis für die Märkte zu erlangen. Weitere Schritte in die richtige Richtung. Die oben genannten Gründe sind alle gültig und das Geldverdienen ist nie aus der Mode gekommen. Für einige Händler ist der Handel der Hauptberuf. Das ist vielleicht nicht Ihr ultimatives Ziel. Die vielen Geschichten, die über diesen Weg erzählt werden, erwähnen immer wieder Schwierigkeiten auf dem Weg zum Erfolg. Spread Betting beinhaltet bestimmte Merkmale, die es zu einer einzigartigen Art des Zugangs zu den Finanzmärkten machen. Dabei wird eine "Wette" darauf abgeschlossen, ob ein Instrument/Markt steigen oder fallen wird. Sie müssen auch Ihre Einsatzgröße bestimmen, die als Multiplikator für Ihre Gewinne oder Verluste pro Änderung des Stückpreises dient. Eine interessante Wendung ist, dass Spread Betting in einem umstrittenen Bereich zwischen Investment und Glücksspiel liegt. Berichten zufolge prüft die Financial Conduct Authority im Vereinigten Königreich weiterhin die Situation und erwägt die Anwendung neuer Richtlinien und Vorschriften. Solange keine Entscheidung getroffen ist, können Spread-Wetten-Konten weiterhin auf den Finanzmärkten handeln und britische Aktien kaufen. Sie müssen keine Stamp Duty Reserve Tax von 0,5% zahlen. SDRT würde gelten, wenn Sie die Aktien auf der Grundlage von "Lieferung gegen Zahlung" kaufen würden. Dies ist bei Spread-Wetten nicht der Fall.
  14. Ein Broker, der aus einer Top-Five- oder sogar Top-Ten-Rangliste stammt, wird für Ihre Zwecke wahrscheinlich ausreichen. Es kommt nur darauf an, den richtigen für Sie zu finden. Obwohl Sie so viel Zeit wie möglich der Erforschung aktueller Handelsstrategien widmen sollten, sollten Sie sich etwas Zeit nehmen, um herauszufinden, welche Plattform diese Strategie am besten unterstützt. Wenn Sie in den Tageshandel einsteigen möchten, könnte Ihre Entscheidung beispielsweise von der Funktionalität der jeweiligen mobilen Handelsplattformen beeinflusst werden. Gebühren sind wahrscheinlich ein wichtiger Faktor bei Ihrer Entscheidung. Ein gesunder Wettbewerb im Maklersektor bedeutet, dass die meisten größeren Plattformen ihre Preise bis zu einem gewissen Grad auf dem gleichen Niveau halten. Wenn Sie ein bestimmtes Forex-Paar handeln möchten, dann wird dies den Preisvergleich etwas einfacher machen, da die Preistabellen leicht verfügbar sind. Einige der Plattformen verwenden variable Spreads. Für Broker (wie ETX Capital), die Auskunft über den Spread geben, den sie zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt anwenden, gibt es viel zu sagen. Diese Informationen auf der Plattform-Ausführungsoberfläche zur Verfügung zu haben, ist sehr nützlich. Was die Mechanik des Handels betrifft, bestimmen Broker wie AVATrade den Markt. Ihrer eigenen Ansicht nach hilft dies ihnen, ihren Kunden engere Spreads zu bieten: httpssss://support.avatrade.com/hc/en-us/articles/360001784331-Are-you-a-Market-Maker- Andere (z.B. XTB) zeigen Details des "Orderbuchs" für den jeweiligen Markt. Berücksichtigen Sie zudem andere Kosten, die mit dem Handel verbunden sind. Manche Broker erheben Gebühren im Zusammenhang mit inaktiven Konten, andere hingegen nicht. Übernachtfinanzierungszinsen können eine Überlegung sein, und selbst Gebühren für Banküberweisungen in und aus Ihrem Konto wirken sich auf Ihre endgültige GuV-Bilanz aus. Es macht keinen Sinn, sich auf auffällige Handelsprovisionen zu konzentrieren und bei alltäglichen Aktivitäten Geld zu verlieren. An den Punkt anschließend, dass nicht nur die Kosten eine Rolle spielen: Die verschiedenen Plattformen sind alle ziemlich beeindruckend, es gibt jedoch genügend Unterschiede in der Funktionalität, sodass Sie sie nach Ihren persönlichen Vorlieben einordnen können. Andere Faktoren, den Sie in Betracht ziehen könnten, sind: Die Regulierungsstruktur - die beeinflusst, wie sehr Sie einem Broker "vertrauen". City Index zum Beispiel werden von den Marktregulierungsbehörden in Großbritannien (FCA) und Singapur (MAS) sowie Australien (ASIC) reguliert und zugelassen. Der Broker Plus 500 bietet die zusätzliche Sicherheit der zweistufigen Authentifizierung beim Einloggen. Die Qualität und Quantität der Instrumente zur Recherche variiert von Makler zu Makler (wenn Sie mit einem der besseren Angebote beginnen wollen, probieren Sie Pepperstone). Social / Copy Trading ist ein einfacher Weg, um in die Deviksenmärkte einzusteigen (Ayondo, ZuluTrade, eToro). Automatisierter Handel: Wenn Sie Ihre eigenen Programme auf den Markt bringen wollen, überlegen Sie, welcher Broker dies am besten unterstützt (AVATrade bietet eine weitreichende Unterstüzung für diese Zwecke). Ihr Hauptziel ist es, Geld zu verdienen. Es gibt eine Vielzahl von Brokern, die Sie dabei unterstützen können. Es gibt auch einige, die Sie meiden sollten. Obskuren Plattformen fehlen bestenfalls einfach einige der Werkzeuge, die es Ihnen erleichtern, Gewinne zu erzielen. Im schlimmsten Fall sind sie hingegen betrügerisch und versuchen, Sie um Ihre Gewinne zu bringen.
  15. Es gibt eine Vielzahl von Möglichkeiten, um zu lernen, wie man Optionen handelt. Kostenlose Materialien sind online in schriftlicher und Videoform verfügbar, und viele der größeren und besseren Brokerplattformen bieten Bildungsressourcen zu diesem Thema. Der erste Schritt wäre, festzustellen, ob Sie Optionen als Mittel zur Unterstützung (Absicherung des Risikos) eines Standardportfoliostils (einschließlich Aktien, CFDs, Rohstoffe und Devisen usw.) zu nutzen möchten, oder ob Sie mit dem Handel der Optionen selbst Gewinne erzielen wollen. Dann müssen Sie kritisch hinterfragen, wie stark Ihre mathematischen Fähigkeiten sind, da das Eingehen in detaillierte Details über Optionsstrategien ziemlich komplizierte Mathematik beinhalten kann. Die Grundprinzipien sind nach wie vor leicht zu verstehen, aber die Details einiger Strategien können recht technisch sein. Das Buch: Options Volatility and Pricing von Sheldon Natenberg ist ein guter Ausgangspunkt und wird dem geneigten Leser einen guten Einstieg in das Thema bieten. Wenn Sie völlig neu in diesem Bereich sind, sollten Sie ein Demo-Konto bei einem Broker eröffnen, um der Optionshandel und einige Test Trades zu testen. So bekommen Sie ein Gefühl dafür, unabhängig davon, ob Sie Optionen für das Risikomanagement oder als GuV-Generator einsetzen wollen. Nicht alle Broker bieten Optionsmärkte an. Es folgt eine Auswahl von Brokern, die Optionsmärkte anbieten: City Index, IG und Saxo Capital Markets. Das Verständnis der Benutzeroberfläche ist wichtig, wenn Sie sich entscheiden, welche Strategie Sie verfolgen. Die Spreads für Gebote sind oft beträchtlich, so dass Fehler durch falsche Nutzereingaben, auch wenn sie sofort erkannt werden, kostspielig sind. Wenn Sie versuchen, Optionen für das Risikomanagement zu verwenden, ist es wahrscheinlich, dass Sie dies mit einer einzelnen Optionsposition tun können. Zum Beispiel, wenn Sie eine Long-Position halten, die einen nicht realisierten Gewinn aufweist, dann kaufen Sie eine Put-Option in diesem Basisinstrument als Absicherung. Diese Position generiert einen Gewinn, wenn der Preis des Basisinstruments fällt. Wenn Sie eine Strategie mit nur Optionen handeln möchten, ist ein guter Ausgangspunkt die Erforschung von Strategien wie Straddles oder Collars. Mit diesen eröffnen Sie zwei Optionspositionen, die Gewinne einbringen, wenn die zugrunde liegenden Instrumente den Preis so handeln, wie Sie es erwarten. In diesen Strategien ist es möglich, potenzielle Verluste zu begrenzen, aber im Umkehrschluss wird auch der Gewinn begrenzt.
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