Finding the right trading strategy that suits your style can be tough, but using an EMA crossover strategy can be extremely effective in helping you to become a profitable technical analysis based trader.
In this article, we will talk EMA trading and go through:
- What the Exponential Moving Average indicator is
- Which is better, the SMA or EMA
- How to trade the EMA crossover strategy
- Where to place stop-losses and take-profits
- The advantages and disadvantages of using the EMA strategy
What Is the EMA?
The exponential moving average is a moving average that places an emphasis on recent prices. This is accomplished by weighting the moving average, so it responds more quickly to newer information. The formula that is used to calculate an EMA involves using a multiplier to alter the simple moving average.
The EMA can also be referred to as the Weighted Moving Average.
Which Is Better SMA or EMA?
Comparing the simple moving average (SMA) and the exponential moving average (EMA) is a difficult task as there are positive and negative aspects to both.
Of course, they are both lagging indicators, but the EMA gives a stronger weighting to more recent data, meaning that newer data has a stronger impact on the moving average, and the EMA reacts faster.
The SMA calculates the average price over a specified period, which can be adjusted to suit your needs, with each data point given equal weighting.
The benefits of using an EMA compared to a simple moving average is that you are likely to receive a signal that is more in tune with current price action.
However, using an SMA over the EMA will mean that you reduce the number of fakeouts.
Therefore, deciding on which is better is highly dependent on your trading style and strategy.
How To Trade The EMA Crossover Strategy
So, let’s get into the strategy.
What you will need:
- 30-minute chart
- 50 period EMA
- 20 period EMA
Remember, the variations and number of periods can be adjusted based on your preference and trading style. Day traders may wish to use shorter timeframes, whereas swing traders may wish to use a longer-term chart. However, the periods are chosen based on best practices and to give you a guide on entries and exits.
First, before looking for trading opportunities, you will need to do is define the direction that the market is trending in. You can do this by either using the 50 EMA as your basis or another indicator such as the Parabolic SAR to help you.
The EMA crossover strategy is geared towards finding the middle of the trend, and since it uses backwards-looking data, you will receive a signal only after something has already happened.
How To Enter a Buy Position
To enter a position you will need:
- To define the direction of the trend
- Wait for the 20 EMA to cross above the 50 EMA
So, once you have confirmed the trend, you will need to watch and wait for the 20EMA to close above the 50 EMA, and then you can enter a buy position.
How To Enter a Sell Position
I’m sure you have worked out that sell signals occur when the exact opposite happens, but just for clarity, to enter a sell position you will need:
- To define the direction of the trend
- Wait for the 20 EMA to cross below the 50 EMA
Right, now you’ve mastered that part, let’s move onto a vital part of trading strategies, risk management, or in this case, where to place stop-loss and take-profit levels.
Where To Place Stop-Losses and Take-Profits
Where To Place Your Stop-loss
Now, a key part of trading and having a solid strategy is understanding risk management and where to place stop-loss levels.
With the EMA crossover strategy, it is best to place your stop-loss above or below the most recent swing in price (I have outlined a potential stop-loss level in the picture below).
Where To Place Your Take-Profit
When it comes to choosing your take-profit level it is important to take into consideration the risk-reward ratio you want to implement.
So, it is vital that you only enter positions based upon a positive risk-reward ratio.
There are two suggestions for placing your take-profit levels using the EMA crossover strategy.
Firstly, placing a profit target at the next key level. Targeting key price levels is a popular way of placing take-profits
Secondly, you could use a trailing-stop.
Now, I know you probably think that doesn’t sound right, but if you consider the saying “the trend is your friend,” then we have to believe that each entry has the potential for large rewards. So, by placing a trailing stop, you can track the trend, until it eventually turns against you.
Advantages and Disadvantages
Of course, as mentioned many times before, there are always advantages and disadvantages to trading strategies.
The advantages of the EMA crossover strategy are:
- The reactive nature of the EMA crossover strategy means there will be a good amount of signals when day-trading
- It can provide a quick reaction to a change in the direction of the market
- If implemented with a trailing-stop, profitable trades can provide great returns
The disadvantages are:
- The strategy does not operate well in consolidating or sideways markets due to its reactive nature
- Prone to fakeouts
The Bottom Line
The EMA crossover is an effective strategy that works extremely well when a change in trend occurs and provides users with a customized way to designate that a trend is beginning.
However, what is important to understand about the EMA is that it does not work all the time. Asset prices trend only 30% of the time. Your risk management will play an important function in the success of an EMA crossover trading strategy.
So, while we definitely feel this is a great strategy to utilise, it is important that you find a way of defining a trend, and when a market is consolidating. Doing these will truly help you capitalise on the strategy’s strengths.